NASS passes finance bill 2021

The National Assembly has passed the Finance Bill 2021, transmitted to the National Assembly by President Muhammadu Buhari.

Recall that President Muhammadu Buhari, had on Tuesday, 7 December 2021 submitted the Bill to the National Assembly for passage.

The Bill proposes changes and updates to some of the provisions of the following pieces of legislation: Capital Gains Tax Act, Companies Income Tax Act, Personal Income Tax Act, Tertiary Education Trust Fund (Establishment, etc.) Act, Value Added Tax Act, Stamp Duties Act, Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act, Insurance Act, Nigerian Police Trust Fund (Establishment) Act, National Agency for Science and Engineering Infrastructure Act, Finance (Control and Management) Act, and Fiscal Responsibility Act.

The passage of the bill on Tuesday was sequel to the consideration of a report by Senator Olamilekan Adeola (All Progressives Congress, APC, Lagos West) led Senate Joint Committee on Finance; Customs, Excise and Tariff; Trade and Investment.

The passage of the Finance Bill in the House of Representatives was sequel to the consideration of the report presented by the Chairman, House Committee on Finance, Hon. James Faleke.

“Report on a Bill for an Act to Amend the Capital Gains Tax Act, Companies Income Tax Act, Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act, Personal Income Tax Act, Stamp Duties Act, Tertiary Education Trust Fund (Establishment) Act, Value Added Tax Act, Insurance Act, Nigerian Police Trust Fund (Establishment) Act, National Agency for Science and Engineering Infrastructure Act, Finance Control and management Act, Fiscal responsibility Act; and for Related Matters”, he said.

In his presentation, Chairman of the Senate Joint Committee, Senator Solomon Olamilekan Adeola, said that the bill seeks to support the implementation of the 2022 Federal Budget of Economic Growth and Sustainability by proposing key specific taxation, customs, excise, fiscal and other relevant laws.

According to Adeola, a total of twelve Acts were amended under the finance bill which contains thirty-nine clauses, adding that the bill seeks to promote fiscal equity, align domestic tax laws with global best practice, introduce tax incentives for infrastructure and capital markets, support small businesses and promote increase government revenue.

He said, “The Finance Act 2020 was predicated essentially on having no new taxes and no new incentives due to the COVID -19’s impact on the economy as such it was structured across four broad thematic areas; Enacting counter-cyclical measures and crisis intervention initiatives; Tax, fiscal responsibility, and public procurement reforms; Reforming fiscal incentives policies for job creation; Ensuring closer coordination of monetary, trade and fiscal policies; and Enhancing tax administration.”

The Joint Committee, based on its observations, accordingly, recommended 5 per cent Capital Gains Tax to be imposed on shares’ disposal transactions where gains exceed N250m in 12 calendar months.

It recommended that Gaming and Lottery Companies be taxable, as well as Oil and Gas Companies.

It underscored the need for Midstream and Downstream Oil and Gas Companies to be made liable to corporate tax without the benefit of tax exemptions for firms exporting goods to earn foreign exchange.

The Committee observed that doing so would prevent Double-Dipping by Gas Utilization Companies such that they cannot claim both (1) 3-year Tax Holidays; as well as (2) Petroleum Profit Tax Act Incentives or (3) Pioneer tax Holidays under IDITRA.

The Joint Committee advocated for qualifying Capital Expenditure rules for small and pioneer Companies, to prevent double-dipping by mandating that Companies cannot deduct qualifying Capital Expenditure to reduce their taxable profits where the relevant qualifying Capital Expenditure is used to generate tax-exempt income.

It sought more powers for the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) to collect NPTF levies on Nigerian Companies on behalf of the fund and to streamline tax levy collection from Nigerian Companies in line with President Buhari administration’s ease of doing business reforms.

The Joint Committee also harped on the need for the Federal Government to ensure that FIRS deploys both proprietary and third-party tech applications to collect information from taxpayers, enhance confidentiality and non-disclosure and to enable them to investigate tax evasion and other crimes and sanction non-compliant taxpayers.

It further called for FIRS to be empowered to assess Non-Resident Firms to tax on a fair and reasonable turnover basis on Turnover earned from digital services to Nigerian customers, with a further mandate to appoint persons for the purpose of collection and remittance of non-resident taxes.

The Committee demanded necessary reforms on securities lending transactions, minimum Tax for Insurance Companies and Companies in general, Taxation of Unit Trust Income, Real Estate Investment Trust, and Insurance Companies Capitalization by NAICOM in line with Tax Equity.

It urged the government to mandate FIRS as Principal Tax Revenue Collection Agency to collaborate with other law enforcement MDAs in streamlining Tax Collections by enhancing Public Financial Management reforms.

According to the Joint Committee, doing so would reduce revenue leakages and better track actual expenditure to revenue performance in line with the provision of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as Amended), Fiscal Rules and other Extant Money Acts.

It also called for the diversification of Nigeria’s revenue from Oil sector to other sectors to fund critical expenditures.

The Committee while demanding an increase of 0.5 per cent in educational tax, pushed for close monitoring of unfolding development and policies on VAT, Tax Incentives, Projected increase Tariff on Tobacco, Alcohol and Carbonated drinks to fund vital expenditure on Health, Education and Security, with a possibility of introduction of new taxes, tariffs and levies as the economy recovers.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

The reCAPTCHA verification period has expired. Please reload the page.